pondelok, 4. júla 2011

THE MEDIEVAL CITY - NORWICH

Norwich is one of Britain's most complete medieval cities.  The "capital" of the East Anglia region and is set out beyond the Fens in the county of Norfolk. Norwich became fully established as a town due to the fact that it had its own mint. At the time of the Norman Conquest the city was one of the largest in England




The cathedral was started in 1096 and constructed out of flint and mortar and faced with a cream coloured Caen limestone. A Saxon settlement and two churches were demolished to make room for the buildings. The building was finished in 1145 and had the fine Norman tower, that we see today, topped with a wooden spire covered with lead. Several periods of damage caused rebuilding to the nave and spire but after many years the building was much as we see it now, from the final erection of the stone spire in 1480.





 

The large cloister  has over 1,000 bosses  including several hundred carved and ornately painted ones.





Built by the Normans about 1160. This castle isperhaps the most splendid of all surviving examples of Norman military architecture apart from the Tower of London. It was refaced using Bath stone
in the 1830s and despite the accuracy of the work it looks sadly false. The original structure of the keep is, however, well preserved inside. It also houses perhaps one of the best museums outside of London with a variety of exhibits relating to archaeology, history, art and natural history.




The river Wensum, was a 15th century watergate giving access to a small canal which ran up to the cathedral. The canal has long since been filled in and now forms a pathway into the cathedral close.
The original canal, which was built by the monks, was used to transport the stone used for building the cathedral the spire of which is visible in the background.




St. Peter Mancroft church is the largest church in Norwich and stands at the edge of the market place. Building started in 1430 on the foundations of a previous Norman church. The tower, which was not added until the 19th Century, is 146 feet high.




                                                               Photos@V.Morgan



This ancient city was a thriving prosperous place in the 11th century. Norwich has more medieval churches than most anywhere else in Western Europe, with most of them existing in the city center. In its medieval days, Norwich was bounded by a huge medieval wall, of which large sections still exist today. The wall was so vast that it encompassed an area larger than the city of London. The 12th century castle is a dominant figure in the city, and has been functioning as a museum since 1895. Really nice place to visit - beautiful old city just like I like


Cow Tower was a part of the city wall


So, basically, just another beautiful summer day in England.




Žiadne komentáre:

Zverejnenie komentára